Employability and determinants of employment outcomes

Thanh Pham, Denise Jackson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter presents key themes emerging in the preceding narratives presented in the book and also in other narratives presented at the Alumni Experience Conference in 2018. The narratives revealed that graduates’ employability development is a complex process which was constructed by a range of factors at macro-, meso-, and micro-levels. At a macro-level, the graduates’ employability trajectories were determined by government policies like scholarship and exchange programmes and permanent residency (PR) policies. At a meso-level, their career choices and progression are influenced by prospects and expectations of parents, institutions, and employers. At a micro-level, graduates’ employability negotiation was found to largely depend on various forms of capital including human capital, social capital, cultural capital, psychological capital, and identity capital. Importantly, to navigate the labour markets, graduates needed to develop what is called ‘agentic capital’ – a capacity to use their capitals strategically.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDeveloping and Utilizing Employability Capitals
Subtitle of host publicationGraduates’ Strategies across Labour Markets
EditorsTran Le Huu Nghia, Thanh Pham, Michael Tomlinson, Karen Medica, Christopher D. Thompson
Place of PublicationAbingdon UK
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781003004660
ISBN (Print)9780367436285
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameRoutledge Research in Higher Education

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