Employability and determinants of employment outcomes

Thanh Pham, Denise Jackson

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)


    This chapter presents key themes emerging in the preceding narratives presented in the book and also in other narratives presented at the Alumni Experience Conference in 2018. The narratives revealed that graduates’ employability development is a complex process which was constructed by a range of factors at macro-, meso-, and micro-levels. At a macro-level, the graduates’ employability trajectories were determined by government policies like scholarship and exchange programmes and permanent residency (PR) policies. At a meso-level, their career choices and progression are influenced by prospects and expectations of parents, institutions, and employers. At a micro-level, graduates’ employability negotiation was found to largely depend on various forms of capital including human capital, social capital, cultural capital, psychological capital, and identity capital. Importantly, to navigate the labour markets, graduates needed to develop what is called ‘agentic capital’ – a capacity to use their capitals strategically.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDeveloping and Utilizing Employability Capitals
    Subtitle of host publicationGraduates’ Strategies across Labour Markets
    EditorsTran Le Huu Nghia, Thanh Pham, Michael Tomlinson, Karen Medica, Christopher D. Thompson
    Place of PublicationAbingdon UK
    Number of pages19
    ISBN (Electronic)9781003004660
    ISBN (Print)9780367436285
    Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Publication series

    NameRoutledge Research in Higher Education

    Cite this