Emerging Trend of Astroviruses, Enteric Adenoviruses, and Rotaviruses in Human Viral Gastroenteritis

Daniel Cowley, Celeste Donato, Carl D. Kirkwood

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

Abstract

Prominent examples of enteric viruses causing acute gastroenteritis include rotaviruses, adenoviruses, and astroviruses. These viruses may be refractory to efforts designed to reduce the incidence of infection and represent significant public health challenges. This chapter focuses on the emerging trends of rotaviruses, enteric adenoviruses, and astroviruses. It talks about the key virological concepts and public health considerations of these pathogens. Rotaviruses were first characterized in 1963 from fecal samples obtained from monkeys and mice using electron microscopy. The increasing use of molecular epidemiology has identified other adenovirus species in addition to the "classic" enteric adenoviruses that are associated with gastroenteritis. The family Astroviridae is composed of two genera, Avastrovirus that infects birds and Mamastrovirus that infects mammals. Human astroviruses (HAstVs) are endemic pathogens and recognized worldwide as a common cause of diarrhea in young children.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationViral Infections and Global Change
EditorsSunit K. Singh
Place of PublicationNew Jersey
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages495-516
Number of pages22
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9781118297469
ISBN (Print)9781118297872
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • enteric adenoviruses
  • human astroviruses
  • HAstVs
  • human viral gastroenteritis
  • rotaviruses

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