Embedding reflection and learning into agile software development

Jeffry Babb, Rashina Hoda, Jacob Nørbjerg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


The theoretical underpinnings of agile principles emphasize regular reflection as a means to attain a sustainable development pace and continuous learning. In practice, high iteration pressure can diminish opportunities for ongoing learning and reflection threatening to deprive software teams of learning and reflection and possibly stagnating process evolution. The Reflective Agile Learning Model (REALM) combines insights and results from studies of agile development practices in India, New Zealand, and the US with Schön's theory of reflective practice. Using REALM, agile teams can establish self-organized learning as well as regular process maintenance and opportunities for process evolution to continuously improve practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-57
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Software
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • agile software development
  • learning organizations
  • learning teams
  • pervasive computing
  • project management
  • reflection-in-action
  • reflection-on-action
  • reflective practice
  • software engineering

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