Elucidating the synergistic interaction and reaction pathway between the individual lignocellulosic components during flash pyrolysis

Sasha Yang, Lei Shi, Qiaoqiao Zhou, Binbin Qian, Anthony De Girolamo, Lian Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, systematic experiments have been conducted to elucidate the synergistic interaction during the flash pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Through the use of Pyroprobe coupled with GC-FID and TCD, and the testing of individual components, their derivatives, model compounds and blends, the interaction of biomass components was confirmed to be affected by both heterogeneous char-volatile and homogeneous volatile-volatile interactions. The latter interaction was overwhelming in contributing to an enhanced bio-oil yield by the transferring of oxygen-bearing radicals from cellulose/xylan-bound hydroxyl to the volatiles such as p-cresol from lignin, and vice versa, by an induction effect of the lignin-derived volatiles on the release/transformation of cellulose/xylan volatiles. Alternatively, the heterogeneous char-volatile interaction was crucial in improving the non-condensable gas yield. The lignin char was the most catalytically active for the deoxygenation of volatiles, followed sequentially by xylan char, and cellulose char which was the most active in trapping the heavy molecules derived from lignin. The synergy of cellulose/xylan and lignin also promoted the overall conversion to complete more quickly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134372
Number of pages13
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2022


  • Biomass Components
  • Flash Pyrolysis
  • Heterogeneous Char-Volatile Interaction
  • Homogeneous Volatile-Volatile Interaction
  • Oxygen-Bearing Free Radicals

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