Elites Go Public? International Baccalaureate’s Decolonising Paradox in Ecuador

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Abstract

The International Baccalaureate (IB) is flourishing in Latin America. The
International Baccalaureate Organization’s (IBO) implementation of its
curriculum, especially its secondary school diploma programme, has progressed
slowly in the region since the 1970s. Elite private schools—especially
in Argentina, Chile, and Ecuador—began teaching the International
Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP) during the 1980s. Other
ambitious private schools followed suit soon after as part of the enterprising
mimesis of eliteness that has allowed the IB to spread around the
world. The IBO, based in Geneva, offers schools a curriculum—mainly
secondary, but also primary and middle years—that is considered both
academically rigorous and culturally lucrative (Bunnell 2011). Its almost
exclusive association with the elite and private schools in Latin America
changed in 2007. That year the new Ecuadorian government, under
President Rafael Correa, introduced an agenda for social and economic
improvement that included wide-ranging educational reforms that aimed
to implement the IBDP programme across the nation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElite Education and Internationalisation
Subtitle of host publicationFrom the Early Years to Higher Education
EditorsClaire Maxwell, Ulrike Deppe, Heinz-Hermann Kruger, Werner Helsper
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Pages229-245
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9783319599663
ISBN (Print)9783319599656
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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