Electroporation-mediated transformation of lysostaphin-treated Clostridium perfringens

Paul T. Scott, Julian I. Rood

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A reliable and efficient method has been developed for the electroporation-mediated transformation of Clostridium perfringens with plasmid DNA. Transformation of vegetative cells of C. perfringens strain 13 with the 7.9-kb Escherichia coli-C. perfringens shuttle plasmid pHR106 required pretreatment with lysostaphin (2 to 20 μg/ml) for 1 h at 37°C. Cells harvested early in the logarithmic stage of growth were transformed more efficiently than cells at other growth phases. The transformation frequency increased with the DNA concentration, to a saturating level at 5 to 10 μg DNA/ml. The transformation frequency was proportional to the field strength and time constant of the electroporation pulse; however, the field strength was a far more important parameter. A cell density between 1 × 108 and 5 × 108 cells/ml proved to be optimal for transformation. The procedure was capable of generating up to 3.0 × 105 transformants per μg DNA. The potential value of the method for the cloning of C. perfringens genes was demonstrated by the cloning of the clostridial tetracycline-resistance determinant, tetP, from the E. coli recombinant plasmid pJIR71, into C. perfringens strain 13.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-333
Number of pages7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 1989


  • DNA concentration
  • field strength
  • growth phase
  • Recombinant DNA
  • shuttle plasmid

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