Electrophoretic deposition of reduced graphene oxide thin films for reduction of cross-sectional heat diffusion in glass windows

Loo Pin Yeo, Tam Duy Nguyen, Han Ling, Ying Lee, Daniel Mandler, Shlomo Magdassi, Alfred Iing Yoong Tok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Effective management of heat transfer, such as conduction and radiation, through glass windows is one of the most challenging issues in smart window technology. In this work, reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) thin films of varying thicknesses are fabricated onto Fluorine-doped Tin Oxide (FTO) glass via electrophoretic deposition technique. The sample thicknesses increase with increasing number of deposition cycles (5, 10, 20 cycles). It is hypothesized that such rGO thin films, which are well-known for their high thermal conductivities, can conduct heat away laterally towards heat sinks and reduce near-infrared (NIR) transmittance through them, thus effectively slowing down the temperature increment indoors. The performance of rGO/FTO in reducing indoor temperatures is investigated with a solar simulator and a UV-Vis-NIR spectrophotometer. The 20-cycles rGO thin films showed 30% more NIR blocked at 1000 nm as compared to clean FTO, as well as the least temperature increment of 0.57 °C following 30 min of solar irradiation. Furthermore, the visible transmittance of the as-fabricated rGO films remain on par with commercial solar films, enabling up to 60% of visible light transmittance for optimal balance of transparency and heat reduction. These results suggest that the rGO thin films have great potential in blocking heat transfer and are highly recommended for smart window applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-259
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Science: Advanced Materials and Devices
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Electrophoretic deposition
  • Heat conduction
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Smart windows
  • Thin films

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