The electronic structure of epitaxial single-layer MoS2 on Au(111) is investigated by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Pristine and potassium-doped layers are studied in order to gain access to the conduction band. The potassium-doped layer is found to have a (1.39±0.05)eV direct band gap at K¯ with the valence band top at Γ¯ having a significantly higher binding energy than at K¯. The moiré superstructure of the epitaxial system does not lead to the presence of observable replica bands or minigaps. The degeneracy of the upper valence band at K¯ is found to be lifted by the spin-orbit interaction, leading to a splitting of (145±4)meV. This splitting is anisotropic and in excellent agreement with recent calculations. Finally, it is shown that the potassium doping does not only give rise to a rigid shift of the band structure but also to a distortion, leading to the possibility of band structure engineering in single-layers of transition metal dichalcogenides.