Electronic band structure of in-plane ferroelectric van der Waals β′In2Se3

James L. Collins, Chutian Wang, Anton Tadich, Yuefeng Yin, Changxi Zheng, Jack Hellerstedt, Antonija Grubisic -Cabo, Shujie Tang, Sung Kwan Mo, John Riley, Eric Huwald, Nikhil V. Medhekar, Michael S. Fuhrer, Mark T. Edmonds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Layered indium selenides (In2Se3) have recently been discovered to host robust out-of-plane and in-plane ferroelectricity in the α- and β′-phases, respectively. In this work, we utilize angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy to directly measure the electronic band structure of β′In2Se3 and compare to hybrid density functional theory (DFT) calculations. In agreement with DFT, we find the band structure is highly two-dimensional, with negligible dispersion along the c-axis. Because of n-type doping we can observe the conduction band minima and directly measure the minimum indirect (0.97 eV) and direct (1.46 eV) bandgaps. We find the Fermi surface in the conduction band is characterized by anisotropic electron pockets with sharp in-plane dispersion about the M points, yielding effective masses of 0.21m0 along KM and 0.33m0 along ΓM. The measured band structure is well supported by hybrid density functional theory calculations. The highly two-dimensional (2D) band structure with moderate bandgap and small effective mass suggests that β′-In2Se3 is a potentially useful van der Waals semiconductor. This, together with its ferroelectricity makes it a viable material for high-mobility ferroelectric−photovoltaic devices, with applications in nonvolatile memory switching and renewable energy technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-219
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Electronic Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2020


  • Electronic band structure
  • Ferroelectric
  • Indium selenide
  • Infrared bandgap
  • Optoelectronics
  • Van der Waals

Cite this