Electron-mediated ferromagnetic behavior in CoO/ZnO multilayers

H. J. Lee, C. Bordel, J. Karel, David W. Cooke, M. Charilaou, F. Hellman

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CoO/Al-doped ZnO (AZO) multilayers exhibit ferromagnetism up to ∼300 K. The magnetic behavior oscillates with odd vs even number of Co layers in the insulating antiferromagnetic CoO and (separately) with the thickness of the AZO layers and vanishes if AZO is replaced by intrinsic ZnO. Magnetization is due to uncompensated (111) ferromagnetic planes of insulating CoO for odd numbers of atomic planes per layer that are coupled together via RKKY exchange mediated by electron carriers in the nonmagnetic AZO layers. The period of the oscillation with AZO thickness qualitatively matches the Fermi wave vector calculated from the carrier concentration measured by ordinary Hall effect. Magnetic polarization of the AZO carriers is confirmed via an anomalous Hall effect that is proportional to the magnetization. 

Original languageEnglish
Article number087206
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

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