An atomic force microscope has been used to study the forces between a silica sphere in the colloidal size range and silica or mica flat surfaces as a function of distance of separation. At low ionic strength, independent electrokinetic measurements (ζ potentials) of both the spheres (by electrophoresis) and flat surfaces (by streaming potential) under the same conditions show excellent agreement with the diffuse double layer potentials derived from the force data using conventional DLVO theory. At higher ionic strength, the electrokinetically derived potentials were found to deviate from those derived from the fitted atomic force microscopy data, and a short range steric type repulsion was observed between the surfaces, the magnitude of which increased with decreasing pH.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 16 Apr 1997|