The physical and electrochemical properties of five distillable room-temperature ionic liquids from the dialcarb family (dialkylammonium carbamates formed from CO, and dialkyl amines) are systematically investigated. In particular dimethyl (DIMCARB), diethyl (DIECARB), dipropyl (DIPCARB), methylethyl (MEETCARB), and methylpropyl (MEPRCARB) carbamate ionic liquids are studied The temperature dependence of the viscosity and conductivity of MEETCARB exhibit an Arrhenius-type relationship. Except for DIPCARB, which has too high a resistance, a reference potential scale is available by using the IUPAC recommended redox system, that is the cobalticenium/cobaltocene (Cc /Cc) process, which exhibits on ideal reversible voltammetric response. Oxidation of decamethylferrocene, but not ferrocene, also is ideal in DIMCARB, DIECARB, MEETCARB, and MEPRCARB. The magnitudes of the potential windows of the electrochemically viable dialcarbs ore investigated and follow the order of glassy carbon > Au, Pt > Hg, Diffusion coefficients of Cc , DmFc, and double-layer capacitance values are compared in each dialcarb. Despite the considerable viscosity of the dialcarbs, steady-state voltammetric behavior is achieved at a rotating disk electrode for rotation rates of 1000 rpm or higher.
|Pages (from-to)||455 - 461|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|