Electrochemical measurement of the oxygen permeation rate through polymer electrolyte membranes

Jingxin Zhang, Hubert A. Gasteiger, Wenbin Gu

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An electrochemical method is developed for the measurement of the oxygen permeation rate through perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSA)membranes at various temperatures and relative humidities (RH) using a fuel cell setup. The oxygen permeability is determinedfrom the oxygen-crossover-rate limited oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) current. The current vs. applied voltage relationshipduring the oxygen permeation rate measurement can be fully explained by a kinetic model accounting for the anode and cathodereactions, oxygen transport through the membrane, and oxygen diffusion from the cathode electrode to cathode flow channel. Whiledemonstrated for a PFSA membrane, the presented electrochemical method to quantify the oxygen permeability is also applicableto any other types of proton or hydroxide conducting ionomeric membranes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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