Electrochemical impedance immunosensor based on gold nanoparticles and aryl diazonium salt functionalized gold electrodes for the detection of antibody

Guozhen Liu, Jingquan Liu, Thomas Paul Davis, John Justin Gooding

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72 Citations (Scopus)


Electrodes modified with passivating organic layers have been shown to, here and previously, to exhibit good Faradaic electrochemistry upon attachment of gold nanoparticles (AuNP). Due to their low background capacitances these constructs have good potential in electrochemical sensing. Herein is reported the application of these electrode constructs for impedance based immunosensing. The immunosensor was constructed by modifying a gold electrode with 4-thiophenol (4-TP) passivating layers by diazonium salt chemistry. Subsequently, the attachment of AuNP and then a biotin derivative as a model epitope to detect anti-biotin IgG were carried out. The interfacial properties of the modified electrodes were evaluated in the presence of Fe(CN)6 4-/3- redox couple as a probe by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The impedance change, due to the specific immuno-interaction at the immunosensor surface was utilized to detect anti-biotin IgG. The increase in charge-transfer resistance (Rct) was linearly proportional to the concentration of anti-biotin IgG in the range of 5-500ngmL-1, with a detection limit of 5ngmL-1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3660 - 3665
Number of pages6
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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