Electrical stimulation of cochlear efferents at the round window reduces auditory desensitization in guinea pigs. II. Dependence on level of temporary threshold shifts

R. Rajan, B. M. Johnstone

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This report demonstrates that electrical stimulation of the efferents at the round window reduces temporary threshold shifts in a protective manner. For a standard set of stimulating parameters greatest reductions in TTS were found to exposures that caused the greatest amounts of TTS to occur. Low level exposures that caused low levels of TTS from which the cochlea could recover relatively quickly were not affected by the standard electrical stimulus. Intermediate reductions were obtained to intermediate levels of exposure, resulting in intermediate levels of TTS. Increasing current levels or duration of stimulation did not produce reductions in the low level TTS; a higher rate of stimulation was, however, able to reduce the low level TTS. Even with the higher rate of stimulation, greatest reductions in TTS occurred at the higher levels of exposure. These results are identical to the effects of COCB stimulation at the level of the brainstem and argue for viewing the COCB as a protective pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-88
Number of pages14
JournalHearing Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1988
Externally publishedYes


  • COCB
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Guinea pig
  • Round window
  • TTS

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