Efficiency of the reformulated Gash's interception model in semiarid afforestations

Seyed Mohammad Moein Sadeghi, Pedram Attarod, John Toland Van Stan, Thomas Grant Pypker, David Llewellyn Dunkerley

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Abstract

Interception loss (I) can remove substantial portions of water from forested watersheds. Thus, I prediction models are crucial if we are to balance human and ecosystem water needs under a shifting climate. This is particularly true for arid/semiarid regions that rely on afforestation efforts for economic or agricultural needs, yet very few of these regions have selected, applied and validated an I prediction model. This study applied/evaluated the reformulated Gash I model to a data set of 54 storms using 50 manual throughfall (TF) observations per site, for two stands of common afforestation tree species in semiarid Northern Iran: Pinus eldarica (Eldar pine) and Cupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress). The reformulated Gash model has rarely been evaluated in semiarid forest stands of these common species. Each species intercepted substantial rainfall during commonly experienced storm conditions-up to 56 (C. arizonica) and 65 (P. eldarica). Mean TF was modestly higher under C. arizonica (76 ) than P. eldarica (73 ). However, water storage (S) was nearly double for P. eldarica compared to C. arizonica (1.2-0.7mm, respectively). Canopy structural differences also altered the gap fraction (p) for P. eldarica (0.38) in relation to C. arizonica (0.49). Modeling error was low (-1.3 vs. -2.6 for P. eldarica and C. arizonica, respectively), generally underestimating I.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76 - 85
Number of pages10
JournalAgricultural and Forest Meteorology
Volume201
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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