Efficiency analysis of straight fin with variable heat transfer coefficient and thermal conductivity

Somayyeh Sadri, Mohammad Reza Raveshi, Shayan Amiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, one type of applicable analytical method, differential transformation method (DTM), is used to evaluate the efficiency and behavior of a straight fin with variable thermal conductivity and heat transfer coefficient. Fins are widely used to enhance heat transfer between primary surface and the environment in many industrial applications. The performance of such a surface is significantly affected by variable thermal conductivity and heat transfer coefficient, particularly for large temperature differences. General heat transfer equation related to the fin is derived and dimensionalized. The concept of differential transformation is briefly introduced, and then this method is employed to derive solutions of nonlinear equations. Results are evaluated for several cases such as: laminar film boiling or condensation, forced convection, laminar natural convection, turbulent natural convection, nucleate boiling, and radiation. The obtained results from DTM are compared with the numerical solution to verify the accuracy of the proposed method. The effects of design parameters on temperature and efficiency are evaluated by some figures. The major aim of the present study, which is exclusive for this article, is to find the effect of the modes of heat transfer on fin efficiency. It has been shown that for radiation heat transfer, thermal efficiency reaches its maximum value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283-1290
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Differential transformation method (DTM)
  • Efficiency
  • Straight fin
  • Variable heat transfer coefficient
  • Variable thermal conductivity

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