Efficacy of Minocycline for the Treatment of Mycoplasma genitalium

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Abstract

Background: High levels of macrolide resistance and increasing fluoroquinolone resistance are making Mycoplasma genitalium increasingly difficult to treat. Minocycline is an alternative treatment for patients with macrolide-resistant M genitalium infections that have failed moxifloxacin, or for those with fluoroquinolone contraindications or resistance. Published efficacy data for minocycline for M genitalium are limited. Methods: We evaluated minocycline 100 mg twice daily for 14 days at Melbourne Sexual Health Centre (MSHC). Microbial cure was defined as a negative test of cure within 14-90 days after completing minocycline. The proportion cured and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated, and logistic regression was used to explore factors associated with treatment failure. We pooled data from the current study with a prior adjacent case series of patients with M genitalium who had received minocycline 100 mg twice daily for 14 days at MSHC. Results: Minocycline cured 60 of 90 (67% [95% CI, 56%-76%]) infections. Adherence was high (96%) and side effects were mild and self-limiting. No demographic or clinical characteristics were associated with minocycline failure in regression analyses. In the pooled analyses of 123 patients, 83 (68% [95% CI, 58%-76%]) were cured following minocycline. Conclusions: Minocycline cured 68% of macrolide-resistant M genitalium infections. These data provide tighter precision around the efficacy of minocycline for macrolide-resistant M genitalium and show that it is a well-tolerated regimen. With high levels of macrolide resistance, increasing fluoroquinolone resistance, and the high cost of moxifloxacin, access to nonquinolone options such as minocycline is increasingly important for the clinical management of M genitalium.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberofad427
Number of pages7
JournalOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023

Keywords

  • antibacterial agents
  • minocycline
  • moxifloxacin
  • Mycoplasma genitalium
  • sexually transmitted infections

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