Efficacy and safety of Oleogel-S10 (birch triterpenes) for epidermolysis bullosa: results from the phase III randomized double-blind phase of the EASE study

Johannes S. Kern, Eli Sprecher, Maria Florencia Fernandez, Franziska Schauer, Christine Bodemer, Tracy Cunningham, Sandra Löwe, Charles Davis, Mark Sumeray, Anna L. Bruckner, Dédée F. Murrell, for the EASE investigators

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6 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a heterogeneous group of rare, difficult-to-treat, inherited multisystem diseases affecting epithelial integrity. Patients with EB are affected by mechanical fragility of epithelial surfaces including the skin and, as a result, extensive recurrent blistering is a characteristic of the condition. Chronic wounds predispose patients with EB to the development of squamous cell carcinoma, which is a major cause of premature death. OBJECTIVES: EASE was a double-blind, randomized, vehicle-controlled, phase III study to determine the efficacy and safety of the topical gel Oleogel-S10 (birch triterpenes) in EB. EASE was funded by Amryt Research Limited. METHODS: Patients with dystrophic EB, junctional EB or Kindler EB and a target partial-thickness wound lasting ≥ 21 days and < 9 months that was 10-50 cm2, were enrolled and randomized via computer-generated allocation tables 1 : 1 to Oleogel-S10 or control gel - both with standard-of-care dressings. Study gel was applied to all wounds at least every 4 days. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with first complete closure of target wound within 45 days. RESULTS: A total of 223 patients were enrolled and treated (109 treated with Oleogel-S10, 114 with control gel). The primary endpoint was met; Oleogel-S10 resulted in 41·3% of patients with first complete target wound closure within 45 days, compared with 28·9% in the control gel arm (relative risk 1·44, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·01-2·05; P = 0·013). Adverse events (AEs) occurred with similar frequency for Oleogel-S10 (81·7%) compared with control gel (80·7%). AEs were predominantly of mild-to-moderate intensity (4·6% were severe). CONCLUSIONS: Oleogel-S10 is the first therapy to demonstrate accelerated wound healing in EB. Oleogel-S10 was well -tolerated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-21
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2023

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