Effects of work-related stressors and mindfulness on mental and physical health among Australian nurses and healthcare workers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the relative impact of work-related stressors and the personal resource of mindfulness on employees’ mental and physical health. Design: A cross-sectional survey design with nursing and healthcare workers in Victoria, Australia. Methods: Data were collected from 702 respondents. Mean scores for work-related stressors and employee mental and physical health were compared with population norms. We used hierarchical linear regressions to examine the relative impact of demographics, work-related stressors, and mindfulness on employee mental and physical health. Findings: Employees in this sample reported higher levels of work-related stress and poorer mental health compared to available norms, while their levels of physical health were within the normal range. Regression analyses showed that work-related stressors were important predictors of employee mental health, but mindfulness was the stronger predictor. There was a slightly stronger relationship between employee physical health and work-related stress compared to mindfulness. Furthermore, being younger and employed in a non-nursing role were associated with better physical health. Clinical Relevance: Encouraging mindfulness as a health behavior practice among nurses and other healthcare workers could improve employee well-being and potentially enable them to more effectively fulfill the requirements of their demanding roles.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nursing Scholarship
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019

Keywords

  • Mental health
  • mindfulness
  • physical health
  • work-related stressors

Cite this

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title = "Effects of work-related stressors and mindfulness on mental and physical health among Australian nurses and healthcare workers",
abstract = "Purpose: To examine the relative impact of work-related stressors and the personal resource of mindfulness on employees’ mental and physical health. Design: A cross-sectional survey design with nursing and healthcare workers in Victoria, Australia. Methods: Data were collected from 702 respondents. Mean scores for work-related stressors and employee mental and physical health were compared with population norms. We used hierarchical linear regressions to examine the relative impact of demographics, work-related stressors, and mindfulness on employee mental and physical health. Findings: Employees in this sample reported higher levels of work-related stress and poorer mental health compared to available norms, while their levels of physical health were within the normal range. Regression analyses showed that work-related stressors were important predictors of employee mental health, but mindfulness was the stronger predictor. There was a slightly stronger relationship between employee physical health and work-related stress compared to mindfulness. Furthermore, being younger and employed in a non-nursing role were associated with better physical health. Clinical Relevance: Encouraging mindfulness as a health behavior practice among nurses and other healthcare workers could improve employee well-being and potentially enable them to more effectively fulfill the requirements of their demanding roles.",
keywords = "Mental health, mindfulness, physical health, work-related stressors",
author = "{De Cieri}, Helen and Tracey Shea and Brian Cooper and Brian Oldenburg",
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AU - Oldenburg, Brian

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N2 - Purpose: To examine the relative impact of work-related stressors and the personal resource of mindfulness on employees’ mental and physical health. Design: A cross-sectional survey design with nursing and healthcare workers in Victoria, Australia. Methods: Data were collected from 702 respondents. Mean scores for work-related stressors and employee mental and physical health were compared with population norms. We used hierarchical linear regressions to examine the relative impact of demographics, work-related stressors, and mindfulness on employee mental and physical health. Findings: Employees in this sample reported higher levels of work-related stress and poorer mental health compared to available norms, while their levels of physical health were within the normal range. Regression analyses showed that work-related stressors were important predictors of employee mental health, but mindfulness was the stronger predictor. There was a slightly stronger relationship between employee physical health and work-related stress compared to mindfulness. Furthermore, being younger and employed in a non-nursing role were associated with better physical health. Clinical Relevance: Encouraging mindfulness as a health behavior practice among nurses and other healthcare workers could improve employee well-being and potentially enable them to more effectively fulfill the requirements of their demanding roles.

AB - Purpose: To examine the relative impact of work-related stressors and the personal resource of mindfulness on employees’ mental and physical health. Design: A cross-sectional survey design with nursing and healthcare workers in Victoria, Australia. Methods: Data were collected from 702 respondents. Mean scores for work-related stressors and employee mental and physical health were compared with population norms. We used hierarchical linear regressions to examine the relative impact of demographics, work-related stressors, and mindfulness on employee mental and physical health. Findings: Employees in this sample reported higher levels of work-related stress and poorer mental health compared to available norms, while their levels of physical health were within the normal range. Regression analyses showed that work-related stressors were important predictors of employee mental health, but mindfulness was the stronger predictor. There was a slightly stronger relationship between employee physical health and work-related stress compared to mindfulness. Furthermore, being younger and employed in a non-nursing role were associated with better physical health. Clinical Relevance: Encouraging mindfulness as a health behavior practice among nurses and other healthcare workers could improve employee well-being and potentially enable them to more effectively fulfill the requirements of their demanding roles.

KW - Mental health

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KW - physical health

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