Effects of vehicle speeds on the hydrodynamic pressure of pavement surface: measurement with a designed device

Yong Lei, Xiaodi Hu, Hainian Wang, Zhanping You, Yonglian Zhou, Xu Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


The hydraulic characteristics of pavement, such as pore water pressure, hydrodynamic pressure, and permeability, have a great influence on the functional performance and durability of pavement. The main objective of this study is to design a device for measuring the hydrodynamic pressure of pavement surface and analyze its characteristics with different vehicle speeds. In order to investigate the influence of vehicle speeds on the hydrodynamic pressure of pavement surface, a device equipped with five fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors was designed and utilized to measure the surface hydraulic characteristics at four vehicle speeds in the field. The calibration of FBG sensor was conducted by the interrogator (SmartScan Aero) under given pressures from 0 MPa to 1 MPa with an interval of 0.1 MPa. Then, the device was embedded in the pavement and compacted by an auto wheel, which traveled over the device at different speeds. Furthermore, the experimental data was collected by the interrogator during the process of a moving tire touching the surface of the device. The experimental results showed that the correlation coefficient between the given pressure and the center wavelength change of the FBG sensor was 0.99, which means the FBG sensor was accurate and reliable. The hydrodynamic pressure of the pavement surface increased with the increase in vehicle speed from 40 km/h to 100 km/h. Moreover, the directional anisotropy of the hydraulic pressure was found to be dependent on vehicle speed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Directional anisotropy
  • FBG sensor
  • Hydrodynamic pressure
  • Pavement surface
  • Vehicle speeds

Cite this