Effects of starting composition and carbon content on the formation of Ca-α SiAlON powders by carbothermal reduction-nitridation

Mikinori Hotta, Junichi Tatami, Katsutoshi Komeya, Takeshi Meguro, Yi Bing Cheng

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Abstract

Ca-α SiAlON powders were prepared at different starting compositions and carbon contents at 1450°C for 2h in N2 from mixtures of SiO2, Al2O3, CaCO3 and carbon powders by carbothermal reduction-nitridation. Crystalline phases and particle morphology of the products were investigated. With increasing the x value in nominal Ca-α SiAlON compositions CaxSi12-3xAl 3xOxN16-x, the number of small hollow spheres decreased and the size of primary grains consisting of the hollow spheres increased. The addition of carbon powder to more than 1.2 times of the necessary stoichiometric value was required to form Ca-α SiAlON hollow spheres composed of ultrafine grains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)827-829
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Volume118
Issue number1381
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Carbothermal reduction-nitridation
  • Hollow spheres powder
  • SiAlON
  • Synthesis

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