Effects of near-side and far-side bus stops on nmfd of bi-modal urban network

Mansour Johari, Mehdi Keyvan-Ekbatani, Dong Ngoduy, Hugo Badia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

2 Citations (Scopus)


Recent studies through simulation and empirical data have shown that a Network Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram (NMFD or MFD) exists for multi-modal urban networks. However, more investigation should be conducted to explore the properties of multi-modal NMFD. In particular, the effects of operational characteristics of public transit like the number of lines, bus stop type, and bus stop location on multi-modal NMFD needs to be discussed. This paper discusses the effects of the near-side bus stop (those located before the intersection) and far-side bus stop (i.e. located after the intersection) on the NMFD of a bi-modal urban network in which cars and buses share the same space, i.e. there is no dedicated lane for buses. Results show that the NMFD in case of having far-side bus stops leads to a bigger range of critical density (density corresponded to maximum flow) for the car, while network capacity is almost the same. This results in a bigger optimal operational regime. Our findings, which are consistent with previous studies, yield that the far-side bus stop is superior to the near-side bus stop from the network operation perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, ITSC 2019
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538670248
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems 2019 - Auckland, New Zealand
Duration: 27 Oct 201930 Oct 2019
Conference number: 22nd
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/conhome/8907344/proceeding (Proceedings)

Publication series

Name2019 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, ITSC 2019


ConferenceIEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems 2019
Abbreviated titleITSC 2019
Country/TerritoryNew Zealand
Internet address

Cite this