Effects of coal deformation on different-phase CO2 permeability in sub-bituminous coal: An experimental investigation

Beining Zhang, Weiguo Liang, Pathegama Gamage Ranjith, Wei He, Zhigang Li, Xiaogang Zhang

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Coal deformation is one of the leading problems for carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration in coal seams especially with respect to different-phase CO2 injection. In this paper, a series of core flooding tests were conducted under different confining stresses (8–20 MPa), injection pressures (1–15 MPa), and downstream pressures (0.1–10 MPa) at 50C temperature to investigate the effects of coal deformation induced by adsorption and effective stress on sub-critical, super-critical, and mixed-phase CO2 permeability. Due to the linear relationship between the mean flow rate and the pressure gradient, Darcy Law was applied on different-phase CO2 flow. Experimental results indicate that: (1) Under the same effective stress, sub-critical CO2 permeability > mixed-phase CO2 permeability > super-critical CO2 permeability. (2) For sub-critical CO2 flow, the initial volumetric strain is mainly attributed to adsorption-induced swelling. A temporary drop in permeability was observed. (3) For super-critical CO2 flow, when the injection pressure is over 10 MPa, effective-stress-generated deformation is dominant over the adsorption-induced strain and mainly contributes to the volumetric strain change. Thus, there is a linear increase of the volumetric strain with mean pore pressure and super-critical CO2 permeability increased with volumetric strain. (4) For mixed-phase CO2 flow, coupling effects of adsorption-induced swelling and effective stress on the volumetric strain were observed but effective stress made more of a contribution. CO2 permeability consistently increased with the volumetric strain. This paper reveals the swelling mechanism of different-phase CO2 injections and its effect on coal permeability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2926
Number of pages25
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


  • Carbon dioxide sequestration
  • Coal deformation
  • Coal permeability
  • Different-phase CO

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