Effects of beacon administration on energy expenditure and substrate utilisation in Psammomys obesus (Israeli sand rats)

K. Walder, J. S. McMillan, S. Lee, A. Civitarese, P. Zimmet, G. R. Collier

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether beacon administration affects substrate utilisation, physical activity levels or energy expenditure in Psammomys obesus. DESIGN: Pairs of age- and sex-matched Psammomys obesus were randomly assigned to either beacon-treated (15 μg/day for 7 days (i.c.v.)) or control (i.c.v. saline) groups. MEASUREMENTS: Indirect calorimetry on day 0 and day 7 to measure oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production, which were used to calculate fat oxidation, carbohydrate oxidation and total energy expenditure. Physical activity in the calorimeter was measured using an infrared beam system. Food intake and body weight were measured daily. RESULTS: The administration of beacon significantly increased body weight compared to saline-treated control animals. This body weight gain was primarily due to increased body fat content. Average daily food intake tended to be higher in beacon-treated Psammomys obesus, but no effect of beacon administration on substrate oxidation, activity or energy expenditure was detected. CONCLUSION: The effects of beacon on body weight are due to increased food intake, with no detectable effect on nutrient partitioning, physical activity or energy expenditure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1281-1285
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Adipose tissue
  • Beacon
  • Calorimetry
  • Energy expenditure
  • Physical activity
  • Psammomys obesus

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