Effects of angiotensin II on regional afferent and efferent arteriole dimensions and the glomerular pole

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Abstract

The diversity of renal arteriole diameters in different cortical regions has important consequences for control of glomerular capillary pressure. We examined whether intrarenal angiotensin II (ANG II; 0.1, 1, or 5 ng · kg-1 · min-1) in anesthetized rabbits acts preferentially on pre- or postglomerular vessels using vascular casting. ANG II produced dose-related reductions in afferent and efferent diameters in the outer, mid, and inner cortex, without effecting arterial pressure. Afferent diameter decreased more than efferent in the outer and mid cortex (P <0.05) but by a similar extent in juxtamedullary nephrons (P = 0.58). Calculated efferent resistance increased more than afferent, especially in the outer cortex (127 vs. 24 units; 5 ng · kg-1 · min-1 ANG II). ANG II produced significant dose-related increases in the distance between the arterioles at the entrance to the glomerular pole in all regions. Thus afferent diameter decreased more in response to ANG II, but efferent resistance rose more due to smaller resting luminal dimensions. The results also indicate that glomerular pole dimensions change in response to ANG II.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume279
Issue number2 48-2
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Juxtamedullary
  • Kidney
  • Mesangium
  • Renal vascular resistance
  • Vascular casting

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