Effects of a mat pilates program on cardiometabolic parameters in elderly women

Marinda Fourie, Magda M Gildenhuys, Ina Shaw, Brandon S Shaw, Abel L Toriola, Daniel Ter Goon

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    Abstract

    Objective: This study aimed to determine the effects of mat Pilates on resting heart rate, resting blood pressure and fasting blood glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides in elderly women. Methodology: Fifty sedentary, apparently healthy females aged 60 and older were randomly assigned into a control (CG, n = 25) or an intervention (IG, n = 25) group. The IG took part in an eight-week progressive mat Pilates exercise program, three times weekly while the CG did not take part in any structured exercises throughout the eight-week period. All subjects underwent pre- and post-tests in which cardiometabolic parameters were assessed. Results: In the eight-week mat Pilates program, the IG only demonstrated a significant (p = 0.05) decrease in systolic BP (p = 0.040) from 135.84 ? 14.66mmHg to 128.80 ? 16.36mmHg and a significant increase in blood glucose (p = 0.000) from 5.07 ? 0.46mmol.L1 to 5.83 ? 0.57mmol.L1, whereas resting HR (p = 0.148) (from 68.80 ? 12.58beats.min 1 to 73.20 ? 11.46beats.min 1), resting diastolic BP (p = 0.342) (from 75.64 ? 10.10mmHg to 77.44 ? 9.32mmHg), blood TC (p = 0.073) (from 5.37 ? 0.99mmol.L1 to 5.67 ? 1.04mmol.L1) and blood TG (p = 0.384) (from 1.77 ? 0.88mmol.L1 to 1.92 ? 0.87mmol.L1) did not produce any significant changes. Conclusion: Due to the contradictory nature of the cardiometabolic variables (except systolic BP) with the findings of previous studies, it is diffcult to establish a case for using Pilates as a substitute for more conventional forms of exercising when exclusively attempting to favourably alter cardiometabolic parameters at least among the elderly women in our sample.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)500 - 504
    Number of pages5
    JournalPakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
    Volume29
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Cite this

    Fourie, M., Gildenhuys, M. M., Shaw, I., Shaw, B. S., Toriola, A. L., & Goon, D. T. (2013). Effects of a mat pilates program on cardiometabolic parameters in elderly women. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 29(2), 500 - 504. https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.292.3099