Effects of 5-[S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-thio]-2'-deoxyuridine analog incorporation on the structure and stability of DNA hybrids: Implications for the design of nucleic acid probes

Elizabeth Yuriev, Daniel Scott, Michelle M. Hanna

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Labeled nucleic acid probes are used as diagnostic tools by detecting changes in gene expression upon hybridization to target RNAs or DNAs that are related to specific disease genes. 5-[S-(2,4-Dinitrophenyl)-thio]-2'-deoxyuridine analog represents an excellent nucleic acid label, containing the DNP group which functions both as a probe and as a precursor for the introduction of a variety of fluorescent groups. This study describes thermal denaturation hybridization experiments with oligonucleotides containing the 5-[S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-thio]-2'-deoxyuridine analog. Using molecular modeling techniques, the effects of this analog on the hybrid structure and stability were examined, including (i) analog conformation, (ii) hydrogen bonding, (iii) stacking interactions and (iv) hybrid helical geometry. This analog does not prohibitively affect the hybrid thermal stability and incorporation of the analog does not compromise the structural integrity of the double helix. In particular, the sequence-dependence of the analog effects and the dependence on the modification site relative to the end(s) of the helix were investigated. Findings described here should provide guidelines in the rational design of nucleic acid probes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-345
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Recognition
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Conformational search
  • Helical parameters
  • Hybrid
  • Hydrogen bond
  • Nucleotide analog
  • Stacking
  • Thermal denaturation

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