Effectiveness of ultrasonic debridement on reduction of bacteria and biofilm in patients with chronic wounds: A scoping review

Yukie Kataoka, Mao Kunimitsu, Gojiro Nakagami, Sofoklis Koudounas, Carolina D. Weller, Hiromi Sanada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Chronic wounds are defined as “hard-to-heal” wounds that are caused by disordered mechanisms of wound healing. Chronic wounds have a high risk of infection and can form biofilms, leading to the release of planktonic bacteria, which causes persistent infections locally or remotely. Therefore, infection control and removal of the biofilm in chronic wounds are essential. Recently, ultrasonic debridement was introduced as a new method to reduce infection and promote the healing of chronic wounds. This scoping review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasonic debridement on the changes in bacteria and biofilms, and consequently the wound healing rate of chronic wounds. A total of 1021 articles were identified through the database search, and nine papers were eligible for inclusion. Findings suggest that non-contact devices are useful for wound healing as they reduce the inflammatory response, although the bacterial load is not significantly changed. Ultrasonic debridement devices that require direct contact with the wound promote wound healing through reduction of biofilm or bacterial load. The optimum settings for ultrasonic debridement using a non-contact device are relatively consistent, but the settings for devices that require direct contact are diverse. Further studies on ultrasonic debridement in chronic wounds are required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176–186
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Wound Journal
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • foot ulcer
  • leg ulcer
  • pressure ulcer
  • ultrasound
  • wound healing

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