Effects of various anaesthetics on plasma LH, FSH and prolactin levels were studied in ovariectomized ewes. In the first experimental series, conducted between June and November (late breeding season, early anoestrous season), the following treatments were given: saline (i.v.) (n = 7); single thiopentone injection (i.v.) (n = 4); induction of anaesthesia for 2 hr with thiopentone (n = 5), ketamine/thiopentone mixture (n = 6), Alphathesin (n = 6) or induction with thiopentone and maintenance with halothane (n = 6). The major findings were: (1) halothane anaesthesia reduced mean plasma LH levels by preventing pulsatile secretion of LH; (2) Alphathesin had the least effect on tonic LH concentration; (3) a single thiopentone injection did not affect LH levels; (4) continuous thiopentone anaesthesia increased LH pulse amplitude; (5) plasma FSH concentration was not affected by any of the treatments; (6) ketamine/thiopentone-induced and Alphathesin-induced anaesthesia increased plasma prolactin levels. In a second experimental series four ovariectomized ewes were anaesthetized with thiopentone for 3 hr in January. In contrast to the results obtained with thiopentone in August, treatment in January reduced plasma LH pulse amplitude and mean plasma LH levels. These latter results support the hypothesis that there may be seasonal variation in responses to barbiturate anaesthesia.