Effect of van der Waals force on bubble dynamics in bubbling fluidized beds of ellipsoidal particles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents a numerical analysis of the combined effect of cohesive van der Waals force and particle shape on bubble dynamics in gas fluidization. The van der Waals force is incorporated into the CFD-DEM model and the magnitude varies from 0 to 20 times Hamaker constant (Ha = 2.1 × 10−21 J), representing non-cohesive to highly cohesive particles. Particles with aspect ratios at 0.5 (oblate), 1 (spherical) and 2 (prolate) are employed to represent disc-like, spherical and rod-like particles, respectively. The results show that under the influence of cohesive force, features such as bubble splitting and coalescence are affected significantly by aspect ratios of ellipsoidal particles. With the increase of Hamaker constant, bubble size and rising velocity decrease, and the bubble shape becomes irregular and vertically oblong. Moreover, the increase of van der Waals force leads to the transformation to non-bubbling fluidization for ellipsoids, but channelling occurs for spheres.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115343
Number of pages17
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume212
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Bubble dynamics
  • CFD-DEM
  • Non-spherical particles
  • van der Waals force

Cite this

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title = "Effect of van der Waals force on bubble dynamics in bubbling fluidized beds of ellipsoidal particles",
abstract = "This paper presents a numerical analysis of the combined effect of cohesive van der Waals force and particle shape on bubble dynamics in gas fluidization. The van der Waals force is incorporated into the CFD-DEM model and the magnitude varies from 0 to 20 times Hamaker constant (Ha = 2.1 × 10−21 J), representing non-cohesive to highly cohesive particles. Particles with aspect ratios at 0.5 (oblate), 1 (spherical) and 2 (prolate) are employed to represent disc-like, spherical and rod-like particles, respectively. The results show that under the influence of cohesive force, features such as bubble splitting and coalescence are affected significantly by aspect ratios of ellipsoidal particles. With the increase of Hamaker constant, bubble size and rising velocity decrease, and the bubble shape becomes irregular and vertically oblong. Moreover, the increase of van der Waals force leads to the transformation to non-bubbling fluidization for ellipsoids, but channelling occurs for spheres.",
keywords = "Bubble dynamics, CFD-DEM, Non-spherical particles, van der Waals force",
author = "S. Shrestha and S.B. Kuang and A.B. Yu and Z.Y. Zhou",
year = "2020",
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doi = "10.1016/j.ces.2019.115343",
language = "English",
volume = "212",
journal = "Chemical Engineering Science",
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Effect of van der Waals force on bubble dynamics in bubbling fluidized beds of ellipsoidal particles. / Shrestha, S.; Kuang, S.B.; Yu, A.B.; Zhou, Z.Y.

In: Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 212, 115343, 02.02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of van der Waals force on bubble dynamics in bubbling fluidized beds of ellipsoidal particles

AU - Shrestha, S.

AU - Kuang, S.B.

AU - Yu, A.B.

AU - Zhou, Z.Y.

PY - 2020/2/2

Y1 - 2020/2/2

N2 - This paper presents a numerical analysis of the combined effect of cohesive van der Waals force and particle shape on bubble dynamics in gas fluidization. The van der Waals force is incorporated into the CFD-DEM model and the magnitude varies from 0 to 20 times Hamaker constant (Ha = 2.1 × 10−21 J), representing non-cohesive to highly cohesive particles. Particles with aspect ratios at 0.5 (oblate), 1 (spherical) and 2 (prolate) are employed to represent disc-like, spherical and rod-like particles, respectively. The results show that under the influence of cohesive force, features such as bubble splitting and coalescence are affected significantly by aspect ratios of ellipsoidal particles. With the increase of Hamaker constant, bubble size and rising velocity decrease, and the bubble shape becomes irregular and vertically oblong. Moreover, the increase of van der Waals force leads to the transformation to non-bubbling fluidization for ellipsoids, but channelling occurs for spheres.

AB - This paper presents a numerical analysis of the combined effect of cohesive van der Waals force and particle shape on bubble dynamics in gas fluidization. The van der Waals force is incorporated into the CFD-DEM model and the magnitude varies from 0 to 20 times Hamaker constant (Ha = 2.1 × 10−21 J), representing non-cohesive to highly cohesive particles. Particles with aspect ratios at 0.5 (oblate), 1 (spherical) and 2 (prolate) are employed to represent disc-like, spherical and rod-like particles, respectively. The results show that under the influence of cohesive force, features such as bubble splitting and coalescence are affected significantly by aspect ratios of ellipsoidal particles. With the increase of Hamaker constant, bubble size and rising velocity decrease, and the bubble shape becomes irregular and vertically oblong. Moreover, the increase of van der Waals force leads to the transformation to non-bubbling fluidization for ellipsoids, but channelling occurs for spheres.

KW - Bubble dynamics

KW - CFD-DEM

KW - Non-spherical particles

KW - van der Waals force

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