Effect of tibial component misalignment on the lower limb joint kinematics during squat

Hojin Song, Ton Tran, Dana Kulić

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Abstract

The component orientation of the total knee replacement is critical to surgical outcomes. There have been many studies focused on knee movement for different component rotations. However, the effect of component misalignment on a dynamic movement, especially which requires high knee flexion, is not widely studied. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of tibial component misalignment on a squat motion by predictive simulation. Squat motions with different replacement component alignments were predicted by formulating an optimal control problem. The result indicates that component misalignment on coronal and horizontal planes reduces peak joint flexion angles and the external rotation on the horizontal plane has the most negative impact. Misalignment in external rotation resulted in the greatest reduction of peak joint flexion angles. The simulation was validated by comparison with experimental data, which showed a high level of correlation with the predicted motion.Clinical relevance - The predictive simulation presented in this study can predict the dynamic post-surgery movement of TKR. It has the potential to help surgeons and clinicians at the preoperative planning stage.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 45th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)
EditorsBeena Ahmed, JongMo Seo
Place of PublicationPiscataway NJ USA
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9798350324471
ISBN (Print)9798350324488
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventInternational Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2023 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 24 Jul 202327 Jul 2023
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/conhome/10339936/proceeding (Proceedings)
https://embc.embs.org/2023/ (Website)

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2023
Abbreviated titleEMBC 2023
Country/TerritoryAustralia
CitySydney
Period24/07/2327/07/23
Internet address

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