Effect of streamwise domain size on the pod mode characteristics in an adverse pressure gradient turbulent boundary layer

Muhammad Shehzad, Bihai Sun, Daniel Jovic, Callum Atkinson, Julio Soria, Yasar Ostovan, Christophe Cuvier, Jean Marc Foucaut, Christian Willert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther


Proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) is used to study coherent structures on measurements of wall-bounded turbulent flows. In order to apply POD in the study of turbulent boundary layers, it is important to determine the appropriate size of the flow domain to be used in POD analysis. This study uses the 2C-2D PIV measurements of an adverse pressure gradient (APG) turbulent boundary layer (TBL) with β ≈ 0 ∼ 3.74 and Reδ2 ≈ 1,720 ∼ 23,430 where Reδ2 is the momentum thickness based Reynolds number and β is the Clauser's pressure gradient parameter. The measurements were obtained in the Laboratoire de Mécanique des Fluides de Lille (LMFL) High-Reynolds-Number (HRN) Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel, Lille, France. Spanning over 20δ along the streamwise direction (where δ is the boundary layer thickness in the middle of the field of view), these are appropriate to be used in the study of the extent of the large-scale motions. POD analysis on the variable domain size along the streamwise direction (∆x) suggests that the POD mode shape changes with ∆x. In this particular TBL, the shape of the first mode which represents the largest scales in the fluid flow, changes until ∆x is equal to or greater than 8δ. It is also observed the smaller scales of higher-order POD modes take longer ∆x to converge in the mode shape. The streamwise integral-length-scale of 6.68δ also confirms the size of the largest scales to be around 8δ. Therefore, for this particular TBL, a minimum streamwise domain size of 8δ is appropriate for the analysis of large-scale motions using POD.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication12th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena (TSFP12)
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventTurbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena 2022 - Online, Osaka, Japan
Duration: 19 Jul 202222 Jul 2022
Conference number: 12th
https://www.tsfp12.org (Website)


ConferenceTurbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena 2022
Abbreviated titleTSFP 2022
Internet address

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