Effect of Regulation of the Inlet Channel on Tides and Water Levels in Lake Hamana, Japan

Jon Hinwood, Shin-Ichi Aoki, Takumi Okabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Hamanako is an economically and culturally important tidal lake on the Pacific coast of Honshu, Japan. Between 1954 and 1973, entrance works were constructed to regulate the channel to the lake. In a previous paper, the tidal records from Maisaka just inside the lake, prior to regulation, were analyzed to explain the responses of the lake to the ocean tide and other water level changes. The present paper compares water level responses with those following regulation of the entrance. The principal differences are that at Maisaka the tidal range increased up to 1965, following the first stages of regulation, but it has been constant since then. In the inner part of the lake, regulation has increased the tidal range but reduced its variability and has reduced the mean water level in the lake. The southern sand shoal divides the lake into two tidal basins, with Maisaka lying in the smaller outer basin. Studies of the inner basin have shown that its tidal range continues to increase. A hydrodynamic model has been used to show that this increase is primarily due to scouring of the inner channel through the southern shoal. The model has also shown that the constancy of the Maisaka tidal amplitude since 1965 is not a static equilibrium, but is a balance between the effects of the outer entrance channel scouring and increasing the Maisaka tide, offset by the inner channel scouring and reducing the Maisaka tide.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1750016
Number of pages30
JournalCoastal Engineering Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017


  • Hamanako
  • regulated entrance
  • scour
  • tidal data
  • Tidal inlet

Cite this