Effect of pre-treatment of crystallized bioactive glass with cell culture media on structure, degradability, and biocompatibility

Boonlom Thavornyutikarn, Bryce Feltis, Paul F.A. Wright, Terence W. Turney

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6 Citations (Scopus)


The silicate glass 45S5 Bioglass® (BG) is a potential scaffold material for bone regeneration because of its excellent bioactivity, biocompatibility and ability to form a strong bond with bone tissues, via the formation of an apatite layer on its surface. The evaluation of in vitro bioactivity in physiological body fluids, whilst challenging, can offer some insights for developing the bone-bonding ability of these glasses in vivo. In this study, we investigated the influence of three different cell culture and tissue fluid-like solutions on the dissolution and calcium-phosphate (CaP) based re-precipitation behaviour at the glass-liquid interface. We also examined pre-treatment of BG with these biological solutions, and how its influence on bone-forming MG-63 osteoblastic cell proliferation, viability and adhesion. The biological solutions used in this comparative study were: commercial cell culture medium (DMEM), a DMEM solution without organic components (DML) and a simulated body fluid (SBF), incorporating TRIS-buffer. Incubation of BG in these solutions over 28 days resulted in differences in weight loss, solution pH and ion release, and the development of CaP-based surface layers. XRD and FT-IR analyses showed clear differences in the characteristics of the CaP-based coating layers formed by the different solutions. The interfacial reactivity between the glass and the solutions depended on the composition and properties of the solutions. The formation of the CaP layer occurred more rapidly in SBF due to the presence of TRIS-buffer, which also significantly accelerated glass dissolution, further reducing the BG mass in SBF. MG-63 osteoblasts proliferated and spread more rapidly across the surfaces of all pre-conditioned BG, compared to fresh BG. The experimental results of this work help clarify differences between in vitro bioactivity of BG observed in cell culture solutions and in vivo BG bioactivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-197
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C: Materials for Biological Applications
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019


  • Bioactive glass
  • Biocompatibility
  • Surface reactivity

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