Effect of particle rolling resistance on drained and undrained behaviour of silty sand

Quoc T. Phan, Ha H. Bui, Giang D. Nguyen, Abdelmalek Bouazza

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18 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores the effect of particle rolling resistance on the mechanical behaviour of silty sand under various shearing conditions. The elastic–plastic spring–dashpot rolling resistance model was employed, and drained and undrained triaxial tests were conducted on silty sand with various fines contents and rolling resistance. It was found that the rolling resistance of fines contents had a strong impact on the critical state, peak state, phase transformation state as well as zero-dilatancy state of silty sands. Moreover, depending on the correlation between rolling resistance of coarse and fine particles, fines can positively or negatively contribute to the overall structure of silty sand. Increasing the rolling resistance of fines enhances the liquefaction resistance of silty sands. Thus, the presence of fines of high rolling resistance in the sand can result in a marked decrease in collapsibility or liquefaction susceptibility compared with the presence of fines of lower rolling resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2657–2682
Number of pages26
JournalActa Geotechnica
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2021


  • Critical state
  • DEM
  • Liquefaction resistance
  • Rolling resistance
  • Silty sand

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