Effect of low-dose atrial natriuretic peptide in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury: a retrospective, single-center study with propensity-score matching

Keita Saito, Shigehiko Uchino, Tomoko Fujii, Shinjiro Saito, Masanori Takinami, Shoichi Uezono

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BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major comorbidity in critically ill patients. Low-dose atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has been shown to effectively prevent acute kidney injury (AKI), especially in cardiovascular surgery patients. However, its treatment effects for AKI in critically ill patients are unclear. METHODS: This single-center, retrospective, observational study included patients with AKI diagnosed within 7 days after intensive care unit (ICU) admission during the period January 2010 to December 2017. We conducted a propensity-matched analysis to estimate the treatment effect of low-dose carperitide (a recombinant human ANP) on the clinical outcomes. The primary outcome was a composite of death, renal replacement therapy dependence, or no recovery from AKI (defined as an increase of the serum creatinine level to ≥200% of baseline) at hospital discharge. RESULTS: During the study period, 4479 adult patients were admitted to the ICU. We identified 1374 eligible patients with AKI diagnosed within 7 days after ICU admission. Among these patients, 346 (25.2%) were treated with low-dose carperitide, with an average dose of 0.019 μg kg- 1 min- 1. The primary outcome occurred more often in the treatment group than in the control group (29.7% versus 23.4%, respectively; p = 0.022). After propensity score matching, characteristics of 314 patients from each group were well- balanced. Significant difference of the primary outcome, as seen with the full cohort, was no longer obtained; no benefit of carperitide was detected in the matched cohort (29.0% versus 25.2%; p = 0.281). CONCLUSIONS: Low-dose ANP showed no treatment effect in general critically ill patients who developed AKI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
Number of pages11
JournalBMC Nephrology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2020


  • AKI treatment
  • Atrial natriuretic peptide
  • Critically ill patients

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