Effect of liver transplantation on QT-interval prolongation and impact on mortality

Jefferson Ko, Anoop N. Koshy, Hui Chen Han, Laurence Weinberg, Paul Gow, Adam Testro, Han S. Lim, Omar Farouque, Andrew W. Teh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: QT-interval prolongation is considered the electrophysiological hallmark of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy. However, the significance of QT-interval prolongation and how it is affected by liver transplantation (LT) remains unclear. Methods: Consecutive inpatients undergoing LT between 2010 and 2017 at a state-wide liver transplant center in Australia were included. Preoperative, early postoperative and long-term follow-up corrected QT-intervals (QTc) were manually measured by a cardiologist. QTc was calculated using the Bazett formula and QTc ≥440 milliseconds (ms) was considered prolonged. Results: Overall, 1111 ECG tracings among 408 patients (mean age 57 ± 12 years) were assessed. Pre-LT, 265 patients (65.0%) had QTc ≥440 ms and 24 patients (5.9%) had QTc ≥500 ms. In the early postoperative period, there was a significant increase in QTc compared to pre-LT (471 ± 39 vs. 452 ± 31 ms, p < 0.001) and 80 patients (20.3%) had QTc ≥500 ms. At a median of six months post-LT, there was significant reduction in mean QTc compared to pre-LT (430 ± 32 vs. 452 ± 31 ms; p < 0.001) with the QTc shortening in 73% of patients. QT-interval prolongation was not associated with postoperative complications or mortality at any time-point. Conclusion: QT-interval prolongation is common in patients with liver cirrhosis and this metric normalized in the majority within six months post-LT. A significant increase in QTc was noted early post-LT, with over 20% demonstrating QTc ≥500 ms. QT-interval prolongation was not associated with post-transplant complications or mortality. Resolution of QT-interval prolongation suggests that this feature of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy may reverse post-transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-163
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume326
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Cirrhosis
  • Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy
  • Liver disease
  • Liver transplantation
  • QT interval

Cite this