This study aims to investigate the influence of joint thickness on seismic response across a filled fracture with strong nonlinear deformability. To simulate seismic attenuation of thicker joints subject to high-amplitude stress waves, the split Hopkinson pressure bar is utilised to generate normally incident P wave and the dry quartz sand is used to simulate the filled joints. Three joint thicknesses - that is 5, 10 and 15 mm, are studied under identical incident waves. The stress-strain response of the filling materials is described by Barton-Bandis model having different loading-unloading behaviours. The initial stiffness and the maximum allowable closure of the joints changing with the joint thickness are studied. The thicker joints result in lower initial stiffness and cause lower seismic wave transmission across the fracture. The high-amplitude stress strengthens the nonlinearity of the filling materials and increases the stiffness. Besides, the seismic attenuation factor Q, derived from the energy dissipation, is lower than that computed by the transmission coefficient due to the frequency filtering.
- laboratory tests
- rocks/rock mechanics