Effect of internal migration on the environment in China

Shuddhasattwa Rafiq, Ingrid Nielsen, Russell Smyth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examine the effect of inter-provincial migration on air and water pollution for a panel of Chinese provinces over the period 2000–2013. To do so, we employ linear and non-linear panel data models in a Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology (STIRPAT) framework. Results from linear and non-linear models suggest that inter-provincial migration has contributed to pollution. Second-generation linear panel data model results suggest that for every additional 10,000 inter-provincial migrants, chemical oxygen demand (COD) increases 0.27–0.58%, sulphur dioxide (SO2) increases 0.08–0.25% and aggregate waste disposed (WST) increases 0.04–0.26%. Non-linear threshold panel model results suggest that for every additional 10,000 inter-provincial migrants, COD increases 0.2–0.5%, SO2 increases 0.10–0.20% and WST increases 3.1–4.2%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-44
Number of pages14
JournalEnergy Economics
Volume64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

Keywords

  • Aggregate waste disposal
  • Air pollution
  • China
  • Internal migration
  • Water pollution

Cite this

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title = "Effect of internal migration on the environment in China",
abstract = "We examine the effect of inter-provincial migration on air and water pollution for a panel of Chinese provinces over the period 2000–2013. To do so, we employ linear and non-linear panel data models in a Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology (STIRPAT) framework. Results from linear and non-linear models suggest that inter-provincial migration has contributed to pollution. Second-generation linear panel data model results suggest that for every additional 10,000 inter-provincial migrants, chemical oxygen demand (COD) increases 0.27–0.58{\%}, sulphur dioxide (SO2) increases 0.08–0.25{\%} and aggregate waste disposed (WST) increases 0.04–0.26{\%}. Non-linear threshold panel model results suggest that for every additional 10,000 inter-provincial migrants, COD increases 0.2–0.5{\%}, SO2 increases 0.10–0.20{\%} and WST increases 3.1–4.2{\%}.",
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Effect of internal migration on the environment in China. / Rafiq, Shuddhasattwa; Nielsen, Ingrid; Smyth, Russell.

In: Energy Economics, Vol. 64, 01.05.2017, p. 31-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of internal migration on the environment in China

AU - Rafiq, Shuddhasattwa

AU - Nielsen, Ingrid

AU - Smyth, Russell

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - We examine the effect of inter-provincial migration on air and water pollution for a panel of Chinese provinces over the period 2000–2013. To do so, we employ linear and non-linear panel data models in a Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology (STIRPAT) framework. Results from linear and non-linear models suggest that inter-provincial migration has contributed to pollution. Second-generation linear panel data model results suggest that for every additional 10,000 inter-provincial migrants, chemical oxygen demand (COD) increases 0.27–0.58%, sulphur dioxide (SO2) increases 0.08–0.25% and aggregate waste disposed (WST) increases 0.04–0.26%. Non-linear threshold panel model results suggest that for every additional 10,000 inter-provincial migrants, COD increases 0.2–0.5%, SO2 increases 0.10–0.20% and WST increases 3.1–4.2%.

AB - We examine the effect of inter-provincial migration on air and water pollution for a panel of Chinese provinces over the period 2000–2013. To do so, we employ linear and non-linear panel data models in a Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology (STIRPAT) framework. Results from linear and non-linear models suggest that inter-provincial migration has contributed to pollution. Second-generation linear panel data model results suggest that for every additional 10,000 inter-provincial migrants, chemical oxygen demand (COD) increases 0.27–0.58%, sulphur dioxide (SO2) increases 0.08–0.25% and aggregate waste disposed (WST) increases 0.04–0.26%. Non-linear threshold panel model results suggest that for every additional 10,000 inter-provincial migrants, COD increases 0.2–0.5%, SO2 increases 0.10–0.20% and WST increases 3.1–4.2%.

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KW - Air pollution

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