Effect of gender on NADPH-Oxidase activity, expression, and function in the cerebral circulation: role of estrogen

Alyson Anne Miller, Grant Raymond Drummond, Anja Mast, Harald HHW Schmidt, Christopher Graeme Sobey

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102 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study tested whether NADPH-oxidase activity, expression, and functional effects on vascular tone are influenced by gender in the rat cerebral circulation and whether such differences are estrogen-dependent. METHODS: NADPH-stimulated superoxide production by cerebral (basilar [BA]; middle cerebral) arteries from male and female Sprague-Dawley rats was measured using lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence and dihydroethidium. Protein expression of Nox1, Nox2, Nox4, superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), SOD2, and SOD3 was measured using Western blotting. Vascular responses of BA to NADPH were assessed in a myograph. Some female rats were ovariectomized and treated with either vehicle (dimethyl sulfoxide) or 17beta-estradiol. RESULTS: NADPH-stimulated superoxide production by BA and middle cerebral arteries from males was approximately 2-fold greater than vessels from females. Superoxide production was virtually abolished by the NADPH-oxidase inhibitor, diphenyleneiodonium. Protein expression of Nox1 and Nox4 in BA was also higher in males than in females (2.4- and 2.8-fold, respectively), whereas Nox2, SOD1, SOD2, and SOD3 expression did not differ between genders. NADPH induced greater vasorelaxant effects in BA from males versus females (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2142 - 2149
Number of pages8
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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