Effect of gamma-irradiation on the mechanical properties of carbon nanotube yarns

Menghe Miao, Stephen C. Hawkins, Jackie Y. Cai, Thomas R. Gengenbach, Robert Knott, Chi P. Huynh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gamma-irradiation of carbon nanotube yarns in air has significantly improved the tensile strength and modulus of the yarns, presumably because of an increased interaction between the individual nanotubes. The improvement has been much greater for tightly structured yarns than for loosely structured yarns. Sonic pulse tests have also shown increased sound velocity and dynamic modulus in the carbon nanotube yarns as a result of gamma-irradiation treatment. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analyses on progenitor carbon nanotube forests show that gamma-irradiation treatment in air has dramatically increased the concentration of oxygen, for example as carboxyl groups, in the carbon nanotube assemblies in proportion to radiation dose, indicating that carbon nanotubes were oxidized under the ionizing effect of the gamma-irradiation. Such oxygen species are thought to contribute to the interaction between carbon nanotubes and thus to the improvement of carbon nanotube yarn mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4940-4947
Number of pages8
JournalCarbon
Volume49
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

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