Effect of dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate on granulosa cell proliferation, oocyte growth and meiotic maturation in isolated mouse primary ovarian follicles cultured in collagen gels

J. Carroll, D. G. Whittingham, M. J. Wood

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Abstract

Isolated primary follicles from 10-day-old mice were cultured in a collagen gel matrix for 6 days in Minimum Essential Medium + foetal calf serum, followed by culture in unsupplemented medium (control) or in medium containing hypoxanthine (2 mM) or dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate (dbcAMP, 0.25 mM) for a further 3 or 6 days. Less than 10% of oocytes resumed meiosis during the culture period in all groups. At recovery, the diameter of oocytes at the germinal vesicle stage was recorded and their ability to resume meiosis was determined. Hypoxanthine had little effect on oocyte growth and meiotic competence, but culture in dbcAMP resulted in oocytes that were larger (60.2 ± 0.6 μM) than those of controls (55.8 ± 0.5 μm) and more competent to resume meiosis than were controls (42.9% and 10.8%, respectively). The addition of dbcAMP to the culture medium induced a 4-5 fold increase in the number of granulosa cells/oocyte compared with controls (3757 ± 423 and 838 ± 93, respectively). These results indicate that increased oocyte growth and meiotic competence is primarily mediated via dbcAMP effects on the granulosa cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-207
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Reproduction and Fertility
Volume92
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • granulosa cell
  • meiotic maturation
  • mouse
  • oocyte
  • primary follicle

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