Effect of copolymer composition, temperature, and carbon dioxide fugacity on pure- and mixed-gas permeability in poly(ethylene glycol)-based materials: free volume interpretation

Haiqing Lin, Benny D. Freeman, Sumod Kalakkunnath, Douglass S. Kalika

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Network copolymers, prepared by photopolymerizing poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA: CH2{double bond, long}CHCOO(CH2CH2O)14OCCH{double bond, long}CH2) and poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether acrylate (PEGMEA: CH2{double bond, long}CHCO(OCH2CH2)8OCH3), have been studied for mixed-gas CO2/H2 and CO2/CH4 separations. Gas separation properties in the networks are sensitive to copolymer composition, temperature, and carbon dioxide fugacity in the feed. In conventional approaches, the effect of temperature can be described by the Arrhenius equation, while the influence of copolymer composition and fugacity can only be described empirically; the corresponding models require a large number of adjustable parameters. However, as shown here, the three factors influencing gas transport correlate well with free volume, and a simplified free volume model with only two adjustable parameters can satisfactorily describe the effects of copolymer composition, temperature, and CO2 fugacity on pure- and mixed-gas transport properties. Copolymer composition and temperature can be directly related to the fractional free volume, while CO2 fugacity of the feed can be correlated with free volume via the glass transition temperature of the polymer-gas mixture, which is computed using Chow's model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume291
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Free volume
  • Membrane
  • Model
  • Poly(ethylene oxide)

Cite this