Effect of bulk microstructure of commercially pure titanium on surface characteristics and fatigue properties after surface modification by sand blasting and acid etching

Alexander Medvedev, Hoi-Pang Ng, Rimma Ye Lapovok, Juri Estrin, Terry Curtis Lowe, Venkata Nagasekhar Anumalasetty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Surface modification techniques are widely used to enhance the biological response to the implant materials. These techniques generally create a roughened surface, effectively increasing the surface area thus promoting cell adhesion. However, a negative side effect is a higher susceptibility of a roughened surface to failure due to the presence of multiple stress concentrators. The purpose of the study reported here was to examine the effects of surface modification by sand blasting and acid-etching (SLA) on the microstructure and fatigue performance of coarse-grained and ultrafine-grained (UFG) commercially pure titanium. Finer grain sizes, produced by equal channel angular pressing, resulted in lower values of surface roughness in SLA-processed material. This effect was associated with greater resistance of the UFG structure to plastic deformation. The fatigue properties of UFG Ti were found to be superior to those of coarse-grained Ti and conventional Ti–6Al–4V, both before and after SLA-treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55 - 68
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016


  • Titanium
  • Surface modification
  • Fatigue
  • Nanocrystalline materials
  • Equal channel angular pressing

Cite this