EEG datasets for seizure detection and prediction— A review

Sheng Wong, Anj Simmons, Jessica Rivera-Villicana, Scott Barnett, Shobi Sivathamboo, Piero Perucca, Zongyuan Ge, Patrick Kwan, Levin Kuhlmann, Rajesh Vasa, Kon Mouzakis, Terence J. O'Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Electroencephalogram (EEG) datasets from epilepsy patients have been used to develop seizure detection and prediction algorithms using machine learning (ML) techniques with the aim of implementing the learned model in a device. However, the format and structure of publicly available datasets are different from each other, and there is a lack of guidelines on the use of these datasets. This impacts the generatability, generalizability, and reproducibility of the results and findings produced by the studies. In this narrative review, we compiled and compared the different characteristics of the publicly available EEG datasets that are commonly used to develop seizure detection and prediction algorithms. We investigated the advantages and limitations of the characteristics of the EEG datasets. Based on our study, we identified 17 characteristics that make the EEG datasets unique from each other. We also briefly looked into how certain characteristics of the publicly available datasets affect the performance and outcome of a study, as well as the influences it has on the choice of ML techniques and preprocessing steps required to develop seizure detection and prediction algorithms. In conclusion, this study provides a guideline on the choice of publicly available EEG datasets to both clinicians and scientists working to develop a reproducible, generalizable, and effective seizure detection and prediction algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalEpilepsia Open
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • classification
  • electroencephalography
  • machine learning

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