Educational Environments of Students with Disabilities: The Disproportional Impacts of National Policies on the School Placements of Students Diagnosed with an ASD in Australia and the United States

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    Abstract

    The journey towards inclusion has wrought many changes in the educational placement options for students with disabilities. In this paper I explore the different policy contexts of Australia and the United States and consider the influence on, and the impact of, their respective disability policies on the classroom environments in which groups of students with disabilities are placed and educated. I compare these contexts to investigate the historical drivers of policy change in each country and how these influence the articulation and
    support for diverse students‟ access to regular education. Student placement data in Australia and the United States are analysed to illustrate how the policy trajectories in each context have influenced the placement patterns of students in the education system over time. The results of the comparison show that the pace and intensity of reform efforts in each context have been associated with very different drivers of policy change. The results of the student placement analysis suggest that the impact of these policies have been disproportionate.
    indicating that students identified with an ASD are educated in more segregated environments than their peers in both countries, and students from Australia are increasingly more segregated and are dropping out of school at a greater rate than their U.S counterparts.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2015 Australian Association for Research in Education Conference
    EditorsMargaret Baguley
    Place of PublicationDeakin West ACT Australia
    PublisherAustralian Association for Research in Education
    Pages1 - 30
    Number of pages30
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    EventInternational Conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education 2015 - University of Notre Dame, Fremantle, Australia
    Duration: 29 Nov 20153 Dec 2015

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational Conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education 2015
    Abbreviated titleAARE 2015
    CountryAustralia
    CityFremantle
    Period29/11/153/12/15

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