Education expansion and returns to schooling in urban China, 2001-2010: Evidence from three waves of the China Urban Labor Survey

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Abstract

This study examines the effect of the expansion in education that occurred in the first decade of the twenty-first century on the returns to schooling in urban China for migrants and non-migrants using three waves of the China Urban Labor Survey (CULS), corresponding to 2001, 2005 and 2010. Our main finding is that the premium to education increased by about 2 -3 over a period in which there was a rapid increase in education levels. This result is consistent with the demand for skilled labor increasing at a time when China tries to move up the value-added chain and an observed increase in urban wage inequality. We find that the education premium is higher for non-migrants than migrants and higher for males than females.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178 - 201
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of the Asia Pacific Economy
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this

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title = "Education expansion and returns to schooling in urban China, 2001-2010: Evidence from three waves of the China Urban Labor Survey",
abstract = "This study examines the effect of the expansion in education that occurred in the first decade of the twenty-first century on the returns to schooling in urban China for migrants and non-migrants using three waves of the China Urban Labor Survey (CULS), corresponding to 2001, 2005 and 2010. Our main finding is that the premium to education increased by about 2 -3 over a period in which there was a rapid increase in education levels. This result is consistent with the demand for skilled labor increasing at a time when China tries to move up the value-added chain and an observed increase in urban wage inequality. We find that the education premium is higher for non-migrants than migrants and higher for males than females.",
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Education expansion and returns to schooling in urban China, 2001-2010: Evidence from three waves of the China Urban Labor Survey. / Gao, Wenshu; Smyth, Russell Leigh.

In: Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2015, p. 178 - 201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Education expansion and returns to schooling in urban China, 2001-2010: Evidence from three waves of the China Urban Labor Survey

AU - Gao, Wenshu

AU - Smyth, Russell Leigh

PY - 2015

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N2 - This study examines the effect of the expansion in education that occurred in the first decade of the twenty-first century on the returns to schooling in urban China for migrants and non-migrants using three waves of the China Urban Labor Survey (CULS), corresponding to 2001, 2005 and 2010. Our main finding is that the premium to education increased by about 2 -3 over a period in which there was a rapid increase in education levels. This result is consistent with the demand for skilled labor increasing at a time when China tries to move up the value-added chain and an observed increase in urban wage inequality. We find that the education premium is higher for non-migrants than migrants and higher for males than females.

AB - This study examines the effect of the expansion in education that occurred in the first decade of the twenty-first century on the returns to schooling in urban China for migrants and non-migrants using three waves of the China Urban Labor Survey (CULS), corresponding to 2001, 2005 and 2010. Our main finding is that the premium to education increased by about 2 -3 over a period in which there was a rapid increase in education levels. This result is consistent with the demand for skilled labor increasing at a time when China tries to move up the value-added chain and an observed increase in urban wage inequality. We find that the education premium is higher for non-migrants than migrants and higher for males than females.

U2 - 10.1080/13547860.2014.970607

DO - 10.1080/13547860.2014.970607

M3 - Article

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SP - 178

EP - 201

JO - Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy

JF - Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy

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