Education expansion and returns to schooling in urban China, 2001-2010: Evidence from three waves of the China Urban Labor Survey

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Abstract

This study examines the effect of the expansion in education that occurred in the first decade of the twenty-first century on the returns to schooling in urban China for migrants and non-migrants using three waves of the China Urban Labor Survey (CULS), corresponding to 2001, 2005 and 2010. Our main finding is that the premium to education increased by about 2 -3 over a period in which there was a rapid increase in education levels. This result is consistent with the demand for skilled labor increasing at a time when China tries to move up the value-added chain and an observed increase in urban wage inequality. We find that the education premium is higher for non-migrants than migrants and higher for males than females.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178 - 201
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of the Asia Pacific Economy
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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