Edge flame structure in a turbulent lifted flame: a direct numerical simulation study

Shahram Karami, Evatt R. Hawkes, Mohsen Talei, Jacqueline H. Chen

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41 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a statistical analysis of edge flames in a turbulent lifted flame using direct numerical simulation (DNS). To investigate the dynamics of edge flames, a theoretical framework describing the edge-flame propagation velocity as a function of propagation velocities of mixture-fraction and product-mass fraction iso-surfaces at the flame base is used. The correlations between these propagation velocities and several other variables are then studied, including iso-surface curvatures, iso-surface orientations, strain rates, scalar dissipation rate and gradients of product mass fraction. The contribution of these parameters to the overall behaviour of the edge flame is also investigated using conditional averaging on two-dimensional spatial locations at the flame base. The analysis reveals that the tangential and normal strain rates in addition to the curvatures and scalar dissipation rates have significant contributions to the overall behaviour of the edge flame. The elliptical motion of the flame base described in our earlier study [1] is extended to provide a clearer picture of how these various parameters affect the large fluctuations of edge-flame velocity observed at the flame base.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-128
Number of pages19
JournalCombustion and Flame
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Curvature
  • DNS
  • Edge flame
  • Lifted flame
  • Scalar dissipation rate
  • Strain rate

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