What are the effects of regional integration and other trade policy measures in regions such as Central Asia or the Great Lakes Region of Africa where countries are remote with poor access to the outside world and where foreign exchange earnings come largely from natural resource based exports? The chapter shows that if countries have unequal natural resource endowments, then the gains from non-preferential trade liberalization accrue largely to the more resource-rich economies, while the opposite is true for regional integration. Regional integration is a powerful way to spread the benefits of resource wealth more widely, but may also be an obstacle to external trade liberalization.
|Title of host publication||Costs and Benefits of Economic Integration in Asia|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Sep 2011|
- Central asia
- Natural resources
- Regional integration
- Terms of trade